Archaeology collection

The archaeological objects are acquired mainly from archaeological excavations, gifts and sometimes by purchases. The main purchase took place in 1964 (the Sadnikar’s Collection), in 2007 the Museum purchased some objects from Trojane, while the majority of archaeological material is acquired as a result of regular activities, performed in compliance with heritage-protection consents granted by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia. Among archaeological objects you can find metal objects, such as axes, needles, fibulas, various blades – knives, spear-shaped points, decorative objects, jewellery from different pre-historian metal ages, as well as older stone tools and younger, mainly antique, vessels and jewellery.

The majority of the archaeological stock consists of archaeological material excavated around Trojane. So far in the Museum we have inventoried more than 2500 fragments and more or less all the objects excavated by Mirina Zupančič in 1966, 1970 and 1975. A great part of the storage and museum showcases are filled with archaeological finds from Mali grad, the ruins of a castle on the hill in Kamnik. This hill has been of great importance for Kamnik and its development and was explored by dr. Milan Sagadin in the years 1978, 1979, 1982, 1986, and in 1990 – 1992 until 1994. The archaeological stock consists of archaeological objects from the territory of seven former municipalities, which once formed a network, managed by the Kamnik Museum. Material from this area is still being acquired by our museum. During the past decade we have acquired material from Velika Planina (excavations by T. Cevc, J. Železnikar), from Krtina (excavations by D. Snoj in 1989, 1999), Trojane (excavations by Draško Josipovič in 2003), from Šentpavel near Dragomelj (excavations of a roman villa in 2001 by Arhej d.o.o.) and excavations, led by our museum in the years 2006 and 2007 on Onger hill above Trzin. Coming to the archaeological storage and to the museum showcases are well-preserved objects form the Suhadole well (excavations by J. Hrovat in the year 2000) from Grdavov hrib (excavations by M. Sagadin and M. Bremšak in 1996) and from other sites in Kamnik and neighbouring municipalities.

Curator: Janja Železnikar, archaeologist, curator

Museum stories

Men's seal ring, middle of the 4th century

The iron seal ring of a senior Roman military person with a portrait engraving on the embroidered silver plaque and the inscription ABVNDANTI represents an exceptional piece of jewellery from the middle of the 4th century.

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Buckets, bronze, Suhadole near Komenda, 1st century

The burial was removed from one piece of bronze sheet and finished on a lathe. Iron attachments were attached to the mouth. Handles of buckets were also iron. The buckets were repaired several times with larger or smaller pieces of sheet metal, which is basically attached to the rivets. The bucket held about one liter, 2.8 or 8.5 liters of water.

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The rumbler bell, Bronze, 13th to 16th Century, Kamnik - Mali grad

The rumbler bell is an object intended for making sounds, similar to a small bell. Most common in the High Middle Ages were round tin rumbler bells with a diameter ranging between 1.5 and 3.5 centimetres, which corresponds to the Mali grad example.

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Gryphon, white marble from Pohorje, Trojane, second half of 2nd century

A gryphon is a creature with a body, tail, the hind legs of a lion, and the head and wings of an eagle; also, it has eagle’s claws on its forelegs. The gryphon is supposed to be the king of all beings. It drove off evil forces from the deceased, protected their ashes from the desecration and looting of grave goods.

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Dwarf Rhinoceros, Jaw, Motnik

The museum holds a portion of the mandible of the Dwarf Rhinoceros from Motnik. This is the oldest item in our collections. It dates back to the Oligocene (about 25 million years ago).

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Urn grave with grave goods

The grave was found at Toma Brejca Street no. 20. Kamnik; end 13.-1. half of the 11th century BC. In June 1965, Mr. Stane Uršič found a grave covered with a stone slab carved from the sandstone.

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Tinder on a chain

Biconcave or lenticular tinder on a chain, Iron, 13th century, Mali grad.
This is a common medieval form of tinder that can be of a more or less convex shape. Apart from its practical use tinder also has a symbolic meaning.

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