Trzin in the light of medieval historical sources
Trzin in the light of medieval historical sources. 750th anniversary of the first mention of the place
Few places in Slovenia can boast of so many well-known medieval sources in which they appear. Jernej Kotar, historian and author of the catalog, found as many as 25 of them. Although a small roadside village, past which ran one of the most important traffic routes connecting the coast with the interior, the farms (hubes) and the property in it were obviously very important. At the exhibition and in the publication, we processed the oldest documents.
The first is from May 15, 1273 and is the oldest known document with a mention of Trzina, which is written in Latin as Direzin. In it, it is written that Ulrik from Dürrnholz, governor of Carinthia, Carniola, Slovenska Marka and Friuli, confirms that Viljem Svibenski renounced all rights to four hubs (i.e. farms) in Dobrlje in favor of the Ljubljana Commandery of the German Knights, six in Trzin and one in Male Mengeš, which he had according to his father Viljem. The day the first medieval charter was issued, May 15, became the day when the municipality of Trzin celebrates its municipal holiday.
The next oldest document is from August 1, 1301. In it, the first men from Trzin, Lubej is mentioned by name. He lived on a farm that Alhajda, the widow of Friderik from Kraig, donated to the Ljubljana Commandery of the German Knights with the consent of her son-in-law Oton Jeterbenški. She reserved the right to a lifetime of pleasure and pledged to donate a pound of wax to the candlestick every year. Oton Jeterbenški or his heirs were allowed to buy the huba for 10 Oglej marks.
Trzin is named differently in medieval sources. In 1273 as Direzin, 1301 Trezein, 1306 Tersein, 1329 Terzein, 1337 Tersein and the like.